Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability. It can cause many communication, behavioural and social challenges for those that it affects. This can lead some people with ASD to need a lot of help in their daily lives, whereas others need less.
Several conditions that used to be diagnosed separately are all now considered to be a part of the same diagnosis: autism. These conditions are autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder.
Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder
As people with ASD get older they often display problems communicating in social situations and their emotional needs. They may prefer to have a routine of daily activities that they don’t want to change or repeat certain behaviours. Many people with ASD have different ways of reacting, learning things and paying attention. This can make education and work difficult as many people do not understand.
Young people with ASD often have repetitive patterns of behaviour, activities or interests. One example of this is developing patterns or rituals which cause distress if they are disrupted. Another example is being overly sensitive to things such as light, touch and sound whilst displaying no response to pain and temperature.
Diagnosing ASD can be difficult as there is not a simple method such as a blood test. The only way to reach a diagnosis is to look at the person’s behaviour and development over time. It can be diagnosed reliably by a professional from as young as the age of two, however, a final diagnosis may not be made until the person is much older. This can often delay people getting the help and support they need.
There is no ‘cure’ for ASD but there are plenty of treatment options available to offer support such as therapy. We do not yet know all the causes of ASD, but we are aware of a few environmental, biological and genetic factors. We also know that the condition is four times more likely to occur in boys than in girls.
Bright Futures Care
At Bright Futures we offer support and education for children and adults with autism spectrum disorder, learning disabilities and sensory needs. We offer round-the-clock support for people with autism with our special education and residential care facilities.
Transitioning into specialised care or education environments is never an easy choice, but we are here to help it go as smoothly as possible.
You can find out more about our options by visiting our website. If you have any questions please don’t hesitate to contact a member of our team.